Centuries ago medical science was at a much lower level, medicine and doctors were entirely absent from the island.
Therefore the ways of therapy were quite primitive and the main solution for the people was the incantations. These special magic words, mentioned sometimes with the names of Saints, Christ and God, were the key to therapy for the evil eye, snakebites, bums, skin irritation, and helped people to find lost objects. To give emphasis, different symbolic gestures and props were used in each incantation which without them was incomplete.
-Ιθάκη Τότε και Τώρα- Εκδσεις Σπύρος Δενδρινός, Σπύρος Χ. Δενδρινός - Αλέκος Φ. Καλλίνικος
-Ιστορικά και Λαογραφικά Ανάλεκτα της Ιθάκης - Ανδρέα Λ. Αναγνωστάτου
-Θιάκά Μοιρολόγια (Ημερολόγιο Ιθάκης, 1929)